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Robbery and robbery with a firearm

Penalties, definitions, defenses to robbery with a firearm in Florida by West Palm Beach criminal lawyer Grey Tesh

Simple robbery is a second degree felony, punishable by up to 15 years prison. However, if the robbery was charged as a robbery with a firearm, that is a first degree felony, punishable by life in prison, with a 10 year minimum mandatory prison sentence.

What does the State of Florida have to prove in a Florida robbery case?

To prove the crime of Robbery, the State must prove the following four elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

  1. Defendant took the money or property from the person or custody of another person.
  2. Force, violence, assault, or putting in fear was used in the course of the taking.
  3. The property taken was of some value.
  4. The taking was with the intent to permanently or temporarily deprive the victim of his right to the property or any benefit from it.

In the course of the taking means that the act occurred before, during or after the taking of the property and that the act and the taking of the property constitute continuous series of acts or events.

Does the person robbed in Florida have to own the property taken?

It is not necessary that the person robbed be the actual owner of the property. It is enough if the victim has the custody of the property at the time of the offense.

Is resistance required for a Florida robbery conviction?

The taking must be by the use of force or violence or by assault so as to overcome the resistance of the victim, or by putting the victim in fear so that the victim does not resist. The law does not require that the victim of robbery resist to any particular extent or that the victim offer any actual physical resistance if the circumstances are such that the victim is placed in fear of death or great bodily harm if he or she does resist. But unless prevented by fear, there must be some resistance to make the taking one done by force or violence.

Does the property need to be taken from the person for a robbery conviction to stand in Florida?

In order for a taking by force, violence, or putting in fear to be robbed, it is not necessary that the taking be from the person of the victim. It is sufficient if the property taken is under the actual control of the victim so that it cannot be taken without the use of force, violence, or intimidation directed against the victim.

What enhancements (more prison time) are there for robbery crimes in Florida?

There are enhancements if the state proves beyond a reasonable doubt if “in the course of committing the robbery” the defendant carried some kind of weapon. An act is “in the course of committing the robbery” if it occurs in an attempt to commit robbery or in flight after the attempt or commission.  There are enhancements for guns and if there was a home invasion during the course of the robbery.

What if the person arrested for robbery with a firearm was the driver and did not actually rob anyone?

Sometimes, the driver may be charged with robbery or robbery with a firearm under the Florida's principal theory. In the case below, I discuss what happened with my client where he was charged under that scenario and how the case was successfully defended.

Robbery with a firearm, Not Guilty after Jury Trial.

The client was facing life in prison with a 10 year minimum mandatory sentence. At trial, I was able to show the jury there was reasonable doubt as to the client's knowledge that the robbery was about to take place. My client was driving his car. A passenger in the car got out and robbed a lady with a purse. The purse snatcher got back in the car. The client then left the scene at a high rate of speed. When the police came up behind the car, everybody, including the client, got out of the car, ran, jumped over two fences, and eluded police for over 3 hours. This happened in Jupiter, Florida. They all fled in the affluent Jonathan's Landing area of Jupiter. This upscale neighborhood is heavily wooded and next to the intracoastal. The cops brought in the “eye in the sky”. The eye in the sky is Palm Beach sheriffs office's helicopter. A perimeter was set up all around the area. Eventually, the dogs found my client hiding. The actual purse robber was found hiding as well.

At trial, my client testified that the reason he ran after the cops came was he was scared. He was under duress. The guy who robbed the lady pointed the gun in his general direction and told everybody to get out of the car. He did not have a choice. He had to get out because he was under duress. At trial, the judge read my special requested jury instruction on duress. This was critical to our theory of defense.

The client just graduated high school. He was found not guilty after a jury trial just days before Christmas. His parents told me it was “the best Christmas gift anyone could give.”

I practice law not just to make a living. I want to make a difference in people's lives.  If you or a loved one need help defending robbery or robbery with a firearm charges, call me at 561-686-6886.

-Grey

“Law is not black or white, it's Grey”

 

ESPANOL

 

Las sanciones, las definiciones, las defensas al robo con un arma de fuego en la Florida por el abogado criminalista de West Palm Beach, Grey Tesh.

Un cargo de robo simple es un delito grave de segundo grado, castigable con hasta 15 años de prisión. Sin embargo, si el robo fue acusado como un robo con un arma de fuego, este es un delito grave de primer grado, castigable con cadena perpetua, con una pena de prisión mínima obligatoria de 10 años.

Qué es lo que el Estado de la Florida debe de probar en un caso de robo en la Florida?

Para probar el delito de robo, el Estado debe probar los cuatro elementos siguientes más allá de una duda razonable:

El acusado tomó el dinero o propiedad de la persona o la custodia de otra persona.
Fuerza, violencia, asalto, o poner en el miedo fue utilizado en el curso de la toma.
La propiedad que fue tomado era de algún valor.
La toma fue con la intención de privar permanentemente o temporalmente a la víctima de su derecho a la propiedad o cualquier beneficio de ella.
En el transcurso de la toma significa que el acto tuvo lugar antes, durante o después de la toma de la propiedad y que el acto y la toma de la propiedad constituyen serie continua de actos o eventos.

La persona a quien se le robó en la Florida, el tiene que ser dueño de la propiedad que fue tomado?

No es necesario que a la persona a quien se le robó, sea el dueño real de la propiedad. Es suficiente si la víctima tiene la custodia de los bienes en el momento de la infracción.

Para una convicción de robo en la Florida, es necesaria la resistencia?

La toma debe ser por el uso de la fuerza o la violencia o asalto con el fin de superar la resistencia de la víctima, o colocando a la víctima en el miedo para que la víctima no se resiste. La ley no requiere que la víctima del robo se resisten a cualquier punto en particular o que la víctima ofrezca cualquier resistencia física real, si las circunstancias son tales que la víctima se coloca en el miedo a la muerte o daños corporales graves si él o ella no se resistió. Pero a no ser impedido por el miedo, tiene que haber algo de resistencia para que la persona tome por la fuerza o la violencia.

Para una convicción de robo en la Florida, la propiedad debe de ser tomado de la persona?

Para que una toma por la fuerza, la violencia, o la puesta en el miedo a ser robado, no es necesario que la propiedad sea tomada de la persona. Es suficiente que la propiedad expropiada está bajo el control real de la víctima para que no se puede tomar sin el uso de la fuerza, violencia o intimidación dirigida contra la víctima.

Qué realces (más tiempo en prisión) hay por delitos de robo en Florida?

Hay realces si el estado demuestra más allá de toda duda razonable si "en el curso de cometer el robo", el acusado llevó algún tipo de arma. Un acto es "en el curso de cometer el robo" si se produce en un intento de cometer un robo o en vuelo después de la tentativa o comisión. Hay realces para las armas y si hubo una invasión de la casa durante el curso del robo.

Qué pasa si la persona detenida por robo con un arma de fuego era el conductor, y en realidad no le robó a nadie?

A veces, el conductor puede ser acusado de robo o robo con un arma de fuego bajo la teoría principal de la Florida.  En el caso de abajo, discuto lo que pasó con mi cliente, donde fue acusado en virtud de ese escenario y cómo el caso se defendió con éxito.

Robo con un arma de fuego, no culpable después de un Juicio con Jurado